0405 650 588

Read: Sanskrit Glossary Articles

April 9, 2021

Many words from Ayurveda and Yoga are written in Sanskrit, the classical language of South Asia belonging to the Indo-Aryan branch of Indo-European Languages. To help you understand some of the more common Sanskit words, we have pulled together a short glossary:

Ajara: Literally “without age.” Ageless

Ajna: The third eye or brow chakra

Ayur: Life and Longevity

Anupana: Literally– vehicle. A substance for herbs to be taken with

Apana: Downward flow of energy

Asana: Yogic postures

Ayurveda: The science of life, the oldest system of health and healing

Dharana: Concentration; one of the seven stages of yoga realization

Dosha: The three basic types of biological forces, determines personal constitution

Gunas: The three forces of sattva, rajas, and tamas (creation, change, and destruction) Also refers to the 20 opposite attributes of the doshas

Kapha: Biological force of bodily water. Combined elements of earth and water

Kitchari: a mixture of mung dhal, rice, spices, and ghee

Marma: One of the vital energy points where matter and consciousness converge

Panchakarma: The five actions of nasal cleaning, emesis, purgation, enema, and bloodletting

Paschatkarma: The third stage of shodana; Actions taken after panchakarma

Pitta: The biological force of bodily fire. Combined elements of fire and water.

Prakruti: True nature; Perfect state of balance

Purvakarma: Before action; the first part of shodana; actions before panchakarma

Rajas: State of change– Kinetic energy

Rasayana: The fourth stage of shodana; Rejuvenation therapy

Samadhi: State of pure joy

Sattva: State of creation– Potential creative energy

Shirodhara: Medicated oil treatment on the third eye to calm the nervous system

Shodana: Succession of internal and external cleansing practices to rid the body of toxins

Snehana: Oleation; oiling the body internally and externally

Swedana: Sudation; sweating

Tamas: State of Destruction: potential destructive energy

Udana: Upward flow of energy

Vata: The biological force of bodily air. Combined elements of ether and air.

Vayu: The movement of vata– wind

Veda: Pure Knowledge

Vedas: Volumes of sacred texts over 3000 years oldVikruti: Current state of imbalance


Submit a Comment

Your email address will not be published. Required fields are marked *

Read next…


The Bhagavad Gita teaches us about liberation. It is perhaps the original “hero’s journey”, whereby a reluctant would-be hero is forced to find within himself the power and self belief required to overcome a seemingly insurmountable task.


The Yoga Sutras of Patanjali functions as a concise distillation of the entire science of yoga. As such, they contain an immense number of insights pertaining to the nature of the universe, the workings of the mind, and the inter-relationship between these and the...

Follow us


Pin It on Pinterest